Quantum dating

Large batches of quantum dots may be synthesized via colloidal synthesis.Due to this scalability and the convenience of benchtop conditions, colloidal synthetic methods are promising for commercial applications.Their optoelectronic properties change as a function of both size and shape.

Potential applications include transistors, solar cells, LEDs, diode lasers and second-harmonic generation, quantum computing, and medical imaging.

There are several ways to prepare quantum dots, the principal ones involving colloids.

Quantum dots are also sometimes referred to as artificial atoms, a term that emphasizes that a quantum dot is a single object with bound, discrete electronic states, as is the case with naturally occurring atoms or molecules.

Quantum dots exhibit properties that are intermediate between those of bulk semiconductors and those of discrete molecules.

Over time, the monomer concentration diminishes, the critical size becomes larger than the average size present, and the distribution "defocuses".

There are colloidal methods to produce many different semiconductors.

Smaller QDs (diameter of 2–3 nm, for example) emit shorter wavelengths resulting in colors like blue and green, although the specific colors and sizes vary depending on the exact composition of the QD.

Because of their highly tunable properties, QDs are of wide interest.

Heating the solution at high temperature, the precursors decompose forming monomers which then nucleate and generate nanocrystals.

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