Dating the age of steel No membership no e mail live sex chat with free credits on joining

Animals also provide hides for warmth, transport capability, and animal-derived germs (smallpox, measles, flu, etc.) for which partial immunity had developed and which have facilitated conquests.

He describes calibrated C Other areas imported food production or were overrun by such producers, then developed additional domesticates after adapting the food production lifestyle: e.g., West Europe, Indus Valley, Egypt.

dating the age of steel-47

JD details the conquest by Francisco Pizarro and a few hundred men over the Inca emperor Atahuallpa (or Atahualpa) at Cajamarca Peru in 1532, by means of superior steel weapons and armor, horses and cavalry, new diseases (smallpox had recently killed the emperor Huayna Capac and there was contention for the throne between Atahuallpa and Huascar), maritime technology (ships with sextants and compasses brought them there), early guns (harquebuses), writing facilitating better communication (Atahuallpa had heard little about the treacherous Spanish whereas Pizarro had heard from Corts on his success in Mexico), and centralized political organization (i.e., the Holy Roman Empire of Charles V=Charles I of Spain).

These however were only the proximate causes leading to the conquest--what allowed such a dominant culture to develop in the first place?

Successfully domesticated animal species, like the happy families of Anna Karenina, are all alike in that all requirements--not just some--must be satisfied.

All large animals that could be domesticated were domesticated by 2500 BC.

The first farmers are often less well nourished than the hunter-gatherers they will gradually replace.

Hunter-gatherers have persisted to modern times in Khoisan, California, and Australia.Food production gave a competitive advantage to cultures.The decision to convert from hunter-gatherer to the alternate strategy of food producer is a gradual one and is influenced by the decline in availability of wild game, prestige, and cultural attitudes, the availability of domesticable wild plants and animals, technologies, and population pressures from growth, etc.His indigenous New Guinean politician friend Yali asked why whites had been so successful and arrived with so much "cargo" compared to the locals.JD rephrases this question: why did white Eurasians dominate over other cultures by means of superior guns, population-destroying germs, steel, and food-producing capability ?JD's main thesis is that this occurred not because of racial differences in intelligence, etc. He wishes to play down Eurocentric thinking and racist explanations because they are loathsome and wrong. 50,000 years ago when standardized stone tools, cave paintings etc. This was approximately synchronous with a major extension of the range of humans to Australia and New Guinea using watercraft c. Mass extinctions of large mammals occurred simultaneously.

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